Wind Engines in Britain
The UK does not have the wide open prairies to be found in the USA,
Australia, or South Africa, and as such did not have huge quantities of
the metal windpumps which these countries tend to associate with the word
Creech St Michael, Somerset
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Halladay's patent design of 1854, as manufactured by Bury
and Pollard, Pollard Jephson and Co., Owens and Co. and others.
The last examples to survive complete were Angmering (now gone)
and Iwade (now restored by Bob Morse). Halstead House Farm,
Leicestershire, partially surviving, was another one of the same type.
In the UK, these machines are generally called "wind engines", to distinguish
them from our windmills which (predominantly) grind grain.
Wind engines have 4 main distinguishing features:
- a tower which is empty of machinery, but just serves to raise the
wind catching mechanism into the wind
- fairly small power output
- a simple design suited to mass production
- an annular sail
John Wallis Titt
The wind engines made by John Wallis Titt were some of the finest British
made wind engines.
[The company today]
[history (earlier location)]
Duke & Ockenden of Littlehampton
Duke & Ockenden, commonly known as DANDO, produced wind engines from
at least 1869-1914. They still exist, but now are mostly concerned with
specialist drilling for water etc.
- Bibliotheca Molinologica irregular publications of TIMS.
- Volume 3. J. Kenneth Major (ed.): The Windmills of John Wallis Titt. 37 pp. (1977).
- Volume 8. J. Kenneth Major; Gaucheron André: The Éoliènne Bolée. 66 pp. (1985).
- Rolt Memorial Lecture, 1990 'Wind Engines' (J.K. Major),
AIA Industrial Archaeology Review vol XIV p55 onwards
- The Éolienne Bollée at St. Hugh's Monastery, Cowfold.
Nick Kelly, and Ron Martin (1999).
Newsl Sussex Ind Archaeol Soc, 102, page 2
- The Competitive Testing of Wind Engines, J. Kenneth Major,
TIMS 10th International Symposium on Molinology, 2000
- Wind Engines, Suffolk Mills Group newsletter No 74, May 1999 p12-13
- Barn-Top Mills: A study of the agricultural wind engine, Gareth Hughes,
Proceedings of the Fourteenth Mill Research Conference 1996
ISBN 0 9509758 9 3.
- The Smaller English Windpump, Gareth Hughes,
Proceedings of the Fifteenth Mill Research Conference
ISBN 0 9530049 1 0.
Map of all mills
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Text and images © Mark Berry,